Cancer is an extensive term which covers several spiteful diseases. The different types of cancer affecting various part of the human body numbers up to 100. Each of these types of cancer is peculiar and also oiling point has peculiar symptoms, causes, and treatment methods. Therefore any treatment to be administered to any cancer case will depend on the type and nature of the cancer.
Bladder is the organ that is elastic in structure; it is the storage house for urine, which is a waste product that is eventually discharged by the kidney. Bladder cancer is used in referring to the cancer disease, which affects the bladder. It is one of the common types of cancer especially in USA; in fact bladder cancer is rated number 5 among the common types of cancer. It is one of the common types of cancer that has possibility of being effectively treated if early detection is made.
What Are The Possible Causes Of Bladder Cancer?
Studies and researches carried out so far have not been able to lay hold on definite causes of bladder cancer. However, some risk factors associated with bladder cancer are identifiable. Carcinogens is absorbed into the lungs and passed into the blood stream by the reason of smoking. This invariably implies that smoking is thereabout the greatest risk factor for developing bladder cancer. Unfortunately, when the blood undergoes filtration by the kidney and the waste is transformed to urine; the carcinogen absorbed into the blood via the lungs is not excreted but dwells in the urine. The damage and wreck that is done by carinogens on the cells of the bladder is potentially responsible for bladder cancer. Therefore, those who are habitual smokers are at greater risk of being affected by bladder cancer.
Other possible risk factors to bladder cancer include; exposure to some chemicals such as aromatic amines, age factor, hereditary factor, cystitis, low consumption of fluid, gender factor – males are more likely to be at high risk of the disease.
Bladder Cancer Symptoms
The signs indicating that an individual might have developed bladder cancer are; urination at short intervals, detection of blood in the urine which can be physically detected or with the aid of a microscope, feeling of pain while urinating.
Conducting a Test for Bladder Cancer
When an individual starts having the symptoms outlined above, the first and best thing to do is to visit the doctor. If the doctor gets the signal that the bladder is not perfectly okay, a urine test will be carried out immediately. The urine test is the very first test to be done when a bladder cancer is suspected. The test will take the nature of urine culture and urinalysis. The essence of the urine culture is to know if there are bacteria in the blood; at the other hand, the presence of blood in the urine will be dictated through urinalysis test. The doctor will find out if the underlying cause of the symptom is infection. it is important to know that any unsuccessfully treated urinary tract infection such as cystitis should be reported to the doctor.
Treatment of Bladder Cancer
Immediately a bladder cancer is diagnosed and the type/stage determined; the development of a treatment scheme will follow suit. Some of the treatment methods for treating bladder cancer are: surgery (a common treatment method), Radiation therapy (this functions by causing damages to the cancer cell’s DNA), Chemotherapy (This treatment option is for both early and advanced stage of cancer).
Prevention for blander cancer will include avoidance of smoking (the greatest risk factor), the use of safety measures for those who are exposed to certain chemicals and other measures as will be specified by your medical personnel.